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Clear and Convincing Evidence

Measurement of Discrimination in America

Document date: October 01, 1993
Released online: October 01, 1993
Auditing is a technique used to test for discrimination. The concept is straightforward: Two individuals are matched on all relevant characteristics except the one presumed to lead to discrimination. Each person then applies for the same job, housing, mortgage loan, or credit card. The differential treatment they receive provides a measure of discrimination. The authors argue that the value of auditing has grown in the current legal and political environment because it can detect subtle forms of discrimination.


Topics/Tags: | Race/Ethnicity/Gender


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